Say that ten times fast! Doctypeify is a UNIX script I wrote to facilitate adding DOCTYPEs to web pages without them. This is especially useful if you wish for your site to be compliant with W3C standards.

Proper Use

Use of the script is very simple and can be done in one of two ways. In method one, you simply change your current directory to a directory with web pages you wish to update, then call doctypeify.

cd /www/projects

Doctypeify also allows you to point it to a directory, so the second method would be:

doctypeify /www/projects

Current Configuration

As it is currently, doctypeify will not recursively check directories inside the one specified, so if you wish to do that then you simply need to call it again.

Currently, doctypeify will search for *.sHTML files and will update files missing a DOCTYPE with HTML 4.01 Transitional. This can be easily changed to suit your needs.

Sample Output

$ doctypeify writing
Fixing writing/fair_weather_friends.shtml ...
Fixing writing/grade_school.shtml ...
Fixing writing/oops.shtml ...
Fixing writing/writing_projects.shtml ...

The following documents were given DOCTYPEs:

The Script

#! /bin/sh

# This script is designed to peer into the provided directory
# and check shtml files for DOCTYPES.  If a .shtml file is
# found without a DOCTYPE, then one will be added.

# (C)2005 Nic Reveles

# First, make sure we have a valid use of doctypeify
if [ $# -gt 1 ]; then
echo "Improper use:  doctypeify /some/HTML/directory"
exit 0

if [ $# -eq 0 ]; then

# Save any files that already have doctypes in a temporary file
grep -H "DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC" $dir/*.shtml > $HOME/.temp_doctype

cut -d : -f 1 $HOME/.temp_doctype > $HOME/.temp_doctype2

# Save _ALL_ applicable files in another temp file
ls $dir/*.shtml > $HOME/.temp_doctype

# Now get any file which does _not_ have a DOCTYPE
diff -b $HOME/.temp_doctype $HOME/.temp_doctype2 > $HOME/.temp_doctype3

# If there are no files to be fixed, be done
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
echo "All *.shtml files were correct"
rm $HOME/.temp_doctype $HOME/.temp_doctype2 $HOME/.temp_doctype3
exit 0

# Now save the doctype itself to a temp file
echo '<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN' >> $HOME/.temp_doctype
echo '"">' >> $HOME/.temp_doctype
echo "" >> $HOME/.temp_doctype

# Remove garbage from 'diff' command
cut -s -d '<' -f 2 $HOME/.temp_doctype3 > $HOME/.temp_doctype2

# loop through all *.shml files missing command and append that to the beginning
for badfile in `cat $HOME/.temp_doctype2`

echo "Fixing $badfile ..."
cat $HOME/.temp_doctype > $HOME/.temp_doctype3
cat $badfile >> $HOME/.temp_doctype3
cat $HOME/.temp_doctype3 > $badfile


echo ""
echo "The following documents were given DOCTYPEs:"
cat $HOME/.temp_doctype2

#finally, clean up after ourselves...
rm $HOME/.temp_doctype $HOME/.temp_doctype2 $HOME/.temp_doctype3

Valid HTML 4.01 Transitional

Valid CSS!

(c) 2005 Nic Reveles